Atopic dermatitis is a chronic skin disease that occurs in outbreaks and whose main symptom is very pruritic lesions (itching), so intense that it is very difficult for patients to avoid scratching. It often appears in children under 1 year of age, and the repercussions of this disease when it affects large areas of the skin are sometimes not recognized enough, reducing the quality of life of children and parents alarmingly.
It is one of the most frequent pathologies in children and the current data point to an increase in frequency in most countries. According to recent studies, up to 30% of children of school age suffer from this disease.
A recent study published by Schmitt and colleagues in the journal Allergy show that there is a relationship between severe atopic dermatitis in children and problems of hyperactivity and attention deficit in later years. It is not clear if the cause is the absence of an adequate sleep rhythm or there are other mechanisms involved.
Therefore, to manage children with severe atopic dermatitis, a team of pediatric dermatologists, pediatricians, allergists and even a geneticist is essential. And most importantly, parents need a lot of technical and psychological support since it is very hard to see your child with this type of symptomatology.
95% OF ACNE CASES ARE CURED
It is the most frequent dermatological problem in adolescents and can diminish the self-esteem in those who suffer it and even affect social relationships, to the point of causing important psychological alterations. In addition, acne lesions can leave permanent marks and scars, so it is important to carry out an early and adequate treatment. We currently have many very safe options to treat acne and there is no need to wait to treat it.
Acne is a disease of the pilosebaceous follicles that are located on the face, back, chest, shoulders, and even the upper part of the arms. Although it is a typical disease of adolescence (juvenile acne) it can also appear in childhood. The exact cause of acne is unknown, but it is known that factors of various kinds intervene as hormonal factors that stimulate the growth and secretion of the sebaceous glands (increases the secretion of fat), excess of scales in the pores and increase of bacteria such as Propionibacterium acne, which causes inflammation and infection.
Children constitute a very special population group in terms of melanocytic moles or nevi. There are congenital nevi, present at birth, and acquired nevi, which appear throughout life. Melanoma in childhood is exceptional, since some nevi present certain atypical characteristics, tools such as digital dermatoscopy can be of great help in monitoring.
tiligo is a disease of the skin due to a lack of pigmentation that affects 1% of the population. Half of the patients develop it before the age of 20.
Melanin is the pigment that determines the color of skin, hair and eyes, and is produced by melanocytes. If these cells disappear then melanin can not form and the skin becomes white. Vitiligo is the result of the disappearance of melanocytes from the skin.
The mechanism by which these cells disappear is unknown but there seems to be a mistaken reaction of the immune system probably determined by a genetic predisposition against these melanocytes. In any case, this disease occurs in absolutely healthy people. The severity of the disease depends on each person.
There is no way to predict which cases are going to be more clinically aggressive. Normally the whitish plaques are more evident in summer because of the contrast with healthy skin.
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