Summer is here so abundant sun exposure is inevitable, make sure to wear your sunscreen
Here are some hints when choosing a sunscreen;
Sun spots (solar lentigines, also known as liver spots) are brown spots that typically appear on the most exposed areas of the skin, including the sides of the face, cheeks, forearms and back of the hands. When they first form, they are flat. With time, some of these spots can become raised with a rough texture – these are typically called age spots (seborrheic keratoses).
Types of skin spots
As we have said, there are several factors that influence the appearance of spots, influencing the type and characteristics of the same.
While dark spots are directly related to sun exposure and age and usually appear on the face, hands or neckline; The whitish spots, which tend to appear generally on the legs, are linked to pathologies or skin disorders.
To be able to determine exactly the type and cause of the appearance of the spots, it is essential to consult mi-amor
What causes sun or age spots?
They are formed due to an increase of melanin, a skin pigment. Ultraviolet (UV) radiation from sun exposure stimulates an increase in melanin, and excessive melanin can be focused on one particular area, giving rise to the formation of a sun spot. It is important to note that true sun and age spots do not lead to skin cancer; however, skin cancer can sometimes be mistaken for a sun spot. Therefore it is advisable to have your skin screened by a dermatologist if you are concerned about an increasing number of spots.
Are there home remedies for them? How do I remove them?
Please do not try home remedies, which may be potentially harmful or irritating to the skin. Seek proper medical advice so that a diagnosis can be established. Topical treatments can be useful, including products containing hydroquinone (to lighten spots) and tretinoin (a form of vitamin A to help skin renew itself more quickly). Cryotherapy – freezing with liquid nitrogen – can also be effective in some cases.Once the case has been analyzed and the case diagnosed, the dermatologist may recommend, depending on the particular characteristics of each patient, the best treatment to eliminate or reduce the spots.
Among the most effective treatments to eliminate dark spots are chemical peels and lasers.
Chemical peels achieve an overall improvement of the treated skin area, improving the texture of the skin and even clarifying and eliminating, in some cases, the spots.
The laser, on the other hand, allows to clarify the stains, eliminating the deepest layers and improving the texture, which achieves a homogenization of the tone.
Suspicious skin lesions
Whatever the spots that our skin presents, observation and monitoring are essential to detect suspicious skin lesions in time.
Knowing data such as the approximate date of appearance, changes in size or color will be essential to build a history and determine, together with the observation of the dermatologist, what type of pathology we suffer and what treatments are most indicated.
Tips for prevention
Sun and age spots can come back after treatment, so the most important piece of advice is to use a good sunscreen, and to use it regularly. There are various types of sunscreens – these include physical sunblocks that contain zinc and titanium dioxide that reflect UV rays away, as well as chemical sunblocks, which have active ingredients that absorb UV energy and prevent them from damaging the skin.
Here are some hints when choosing a sunscreen;
Ultraviolet light is invisible to humans, because it has shorter wavelengths than the light we can see. Within the UV spectrum, there are two types of rays that can damage the DNA in your skin cells and lead to skin cancer. It’s important to protect your skin from both types:
* UVB rays cause sunburn and play a key role in developing skin cancer. A sunscreen’s SPF number refers mainly to the amount of UVB protection it provides.
* UVA rays cause skin damage that leads to tanning as well as skin aging and wrinkles. The shortest wavelengths of UVA rays also contribute to sunburn. It’s important to look for the words “broad spectrum” on the label, which means the product has ingredients that can protect you from UVA as well as UVB rays.
The Skin Cancer Foundation recommends a water-resistant, broad-spectrum sunscreen with an SPF of 30 or higher for any extended outdoor activity. Regardless of the SPF, though, it’s important to apply one ounce (two tablespoons) 30 minutes before going outside and reapply it every two hours or immediately after swimming or sweating.
If you are balding, remember to protect the scalp by wearing a hat. Try to time your physical activity to avoid outdoor exposure between 11am and 4pm, when the intensity of UV radiation is the highest, and don’t forget that certain UV rays can also penetrate glass windows and windshields.
Do you want to know more about how to eliminate stains on the skin? Get in touch with the medical team of mi-amor and we will inform you with everything..